The autopsies were unambiguous: the laboratory rats that had been exposed to a cell phone—just once, for two hours—had brain damage.
Since they began this line of research in 1988, Dr. Leif Salford and his colleagues at Lund University Hospital in Sweden had exposed over 1,600 experimental animals to low-level microwave radiation. Their results were consistent and worrisome: microwave radiation, including radiation from cell phones, caused the blood-brain barrier—the brain’s first line of defense against infections and toxic chemicals—to leak. Researchers in 13 other laboratories in 6 different countries had reported the same effect, but no one had proven whether it would lead to any damage in the long term. Now, in a study published June 2003 in Environmental Health Perspectives, Salford’s team repeated the experiment on 32 additional animals, but this time waited eight weeks before sacrificing them and examining their brains. In those animals that had been exposed to a cell phone, up to two percent of the neurons in all areas of the brain were shrunken and degenerated.1
Salford, chairman of the Department of Neurosurgery at his institution, called the potential implications “terrifying.” “We have good reason to believe,” he said, “that what happens in rats’ brains also happens in humans.” Referring to today’s teenagers, the study’s
1 Salford et al. 2003
2 authors wrote that “a whole generation of users may suffer negative effects, perhaps as early as in middle age.”
Also in 2003, TNO Physics and Electronics Laboratory in the Netherlands published the results of a study commissioned by three Dutch ministries. In double-blind experiments, in sessions lasting 35 minutes, human volunteers were exposed to radiation mimicking common residential exposure to third generation (UMTS) cell towers. Exposed subjects frequently reported one or more of the following: dizziness and nausea, shortness of breath, numbness and tingling, inability to concentrate, irritability, nervousness, headaches, fatigue, weakness, muscle pains, heart palpitations and chest pain.2 “The result of the study,” wrote the authors, “is that a statistically significant relation was found between the presence of radiofrequency fields resembling UMTS base station signals and the experience of wellbeing by the subjects.” The researchers thus confirmed, under laboratory conditions, the existence of a microwave syndromethat at least 23 teams of scientists in 16 countries have reported to be widespread in the vicinityof cell towers, and among users of cell phones.
Also in 2003,………………………….